Mullaperiyar Agreement Renewal

Posted: April 10, 2021 by Podwits Administrator in Uncategorized

Maharaja von Travancore (Kerala), Visakham Thirunal Rama Varma, signed a 999-year lease with the British Foreign Minister of India on 29 October 1886 for the Mullaperiyar Dam for Periyar Irrigation Works. For Tamil Nadu, the Mullaperiyar Dam and the diverted Periyar waters serve as a lifeline for the districts of Theni, Madurai, Sivaganga and Ramnad, which provide water for irrigation and drinking as well as for electricity generation at the Lower Periyar power plant. Tamil Nadu insisted on exercising its full control rights of the dam and its waters on the basis of the 1886 lease. Kerala drew attention to the injustice of the 1886 lease and questioned its validity. However, the safety problems of the 116-year dam for kerala`s security in the event of a dam failure have been at the centre of clashes since 2009. Kerala`s proposal to stop the dam and build a new one has been questioned by Tamil Nadu. Although Kerala said it did not want to relinquish its commitments, Tamil Nadu argued that the proposed new dam would undermine any existing water-sharing agreement. As the dam conflict led to violent protests in both states until 2011, the dispute was no longer limited to water levels. The dispute between the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu is because of the control and security of the dam and the validity and fairness of the lease. The dispute began in 1998, when Tamil Nadu wanted to raise the water level and kerala opposed it. The case arrived before the Supreme Court on 27 February 2006, after being tried before the Madras and the Kerala High Court.

In February 2006, the Supreme Court allowed Tamil Nadu to raise the water level of the dam to 46 m. In response to the adoption by the Kerala government of the Irrigation and Water Protection Act (Amendment) in 2006, in order to ensure the safety of all dams at risk in the state, according to which the second timetable of the Mullaperiyar dam, built in 1895 as threatened, has set its maximum water level at 136ft. 2000, point 1.3,100, and opposes the Tamil Nadu government being hampered by an increase in water levels. According to the Kerala government, if the water level is raised, then there will be more pressure through the already leaking dam. While the Tamil government Nadu wanted the 2006 Supreme Court order to be enforced to raise the water level to 142ft. On October 29, 1886, Vishaakam Thirunal Rama Varma – Maharaja of Travancore – and the British Foreign Minister signed a 999-year lease for India. On October 29, 1886, vishaakam Thirunal Rama Varma-Maharaja de Travancore- and the British Foreign Minister for India were signed on 29 October 1886 for the rehabilitation of the famine-sized districts of Madurai and Ramanathapuram. The Mullaperiyar Dam is a dam on the Periyar River in the Indian state of Kerala [2][3] It is located 881 m above sea level, on the cardamom hills of the Western Ghats in Thekkady, Idukki district of Kerala, in southern India.

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