Tripartite Agreement 1974 Pdf

Posted: April 13, 2021 by Podwits Administrator in Uncategorized

6. As part of this agreement, the tri-return process began on 19 September 1973. So far, nearly three lakhs have been repatriated, which has led to an atmosphere of reconciliation and paved the way for normalization of relations in the subcontinent. 5. Following this declaration, a series of discussions took place between India and Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. These talks culminated on 28 August 1973 in Delhi with an agreement between India and Pakistan, with the agreement of Bangladesh, which provided for a solution to the outstanding humanitarian problems. The Delhi Agreement was a trilateral agreement signed on 28 August 1973 between India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. and only ratified by India and Pakistan. [1] It allowed the repatriation of prisoners of war and interned officials held in the three countries after Bangladesh`s war of liberation in 1971. The agreement was criticized because Pakistan did not repatriate Urdu spokesmen to Bangladesh and failed to bring to justice 195 high-ranking military personnel accused of being admitted to the war.

[2] Among the PoW, 195 Pakistani military officers detained in India have been identified as the main suspects in war crimes. Pakistan insisted that they be released as one of its main demands. She urged several Muslim countries to refuse recognition of Bangladesh until the release of the 195 officers. [7] India preferred their repatriation to Pakistan. In the text of the agreement, Bangladeshi Foreign Minister Kamal Hossain said: “The repatriation was an important step in the reconciliation between Bangladesh and Pakistan. The two countries began diplomatic relations in 1974. In Bangladesh, many repatriated officials have been reported. Judge Abdus Sattar, Bangladesh`s 9th President, was a remarkable example. Many repatriated military personnel served in the leadership of Bangladesh`s armed forces, including Rear Admiral Mahbub Ali Khan and Lieutenant-General Muhammad Mahbubur Rahman. The treaty came into force on August 8, 1973 and expired on July 1, 1974. Under the agreement, UNHCR oversaw the repatriation of citizens from Bangladesh and Pakistan.

According to the UN, 121,695 Bengalis have been transferred from Pakistan to Bangladesh. Among them are senior Bengal officials and the military. 108,744 civilians and non-Bengali officials were transferred from Bangladesh to Pakistan. [4] India released 6,500 Pakistani PoWs, most of whom were transported by train to Pakistan. In 1974, General Niazi was the last Pakistani officer to be symbolically returned by the Wagah border. [4] Follows the full text of the tripartite agreement signed in New Delhi on 9 April 1974. Although the agreement called for the repatriation of Russian-speaking biharis to Bangladesh, the Pakistani government withdrew its promise to relocate the Community to Pakistan. [6] This led to the stateless Pakistani community stranded in Bangladesh.

3. The humanitarian problems that resulted from the tragic event of 1971 were a major obstacle to reconciliation and normalization between the countries of the subcontinent. Without recognition, tripartite discussions to resolve humanitarian problems could not be held, as Bangladesh was only able to participate in such a meeting on the basis of sovereign equality. 1. On 2 July 1972, the Pakistani President and the Indian Prime Minister signed a historic agreement in Simla in which they concluded that “the two countries are ending the conflict and confrontation that have so far affected their relations and work with a view to promoting friendly and harmonious relations and achieving lasting peace on the subcontinent.” The agreement also provided for the settlement of their differences “by all other peaceful means agreed upon.”

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